Election Commission Of India

 Election Commission of India




The Election Commission of India was set up in 1950 under the Election Commission Act, 1993.

The Election Commission of India is responsible for implementing the standards of the Model Code to ensure free and fair elections in the country. Its responsibilities include the implementation of these standards and the procedures for holding elections and its implementation in accordance with the principles of fair and transparent elections and ensuring free and fair elections in that country, as well as their implementation in all other aspects. 

Election Commission (EC) is a constitutional body that regulates the election process in India. The Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Offices of President and Vice President, State legislatures elections are administered by the Election Commission.

Article 324 of the Indian Constitution mentions a number of provisions to ensure the independent and impartial operation of the Electoral Commission, namely as follows: Article 324 (1) of our Constitution provides that the Electoral Commission shall be responsible for the conduct of all elections in the country and for the implementation of these standards and the procedures for their conduct. 

Initially the commission had just a Chief Election Commissioner. It as of now comprises of Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners. 

Interestingly two extra Commissioners were delegated on sixteenth October 1989 yet they had an extremely short residency till first January 1990. Afterward, on first October 1993, two extra Election Commissioners were selected. The idea of a multi-member Commission has been in activity from that point forward, with dynamic force by lion's share vote.

The President of India selects the Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners. They have a time period of six years, or up to the age of 65 years, whichever is prior. They enjoy a similar status and get compensation and advantages as accessible to Judges of the Supreme Court of India. The Chief Election Commissioner can be eliminated from office just through impeachment by Parliament.

At the state level, the Electoral Commission is assisted by a Chief Election Officer of the State,
an IAS official with the rank of Chief Secretary. The electoral officer responsible for each state and the chief electoral officer of India for each constituency shall assist the Electoral Commission at the state level.

At the same time as the elections to the Lok Sabha and the Parliamentary Assembly, gross expenditure will be shared between the Union Government and the State (s) concerned. Shri Sushil Chandra is currently India's Chief Electoral Commissioner who has assumed office as the 24th Chief Election Commissioner of India on 13th April 2021.

The Constitution grants the Electoral Commission all competencies over all doubts and disputes arising in connection with the elections to Parliament, the legislature, and the State. 

The budget of the Election Commission is finalized by the Finance Ministry of the Central Government after consultation with the Commission.